Diabetes

Ferguson Family Practice

Family Medicine & Occupational Medicine located in San Marcos, TX

More than 100 million Americans have diabetes or prediabetes. Experienced provider Ashley Ferguson, RN, FNP-C, offers customized lifestyle advice and medical support to help you manage your condition if you do have metabolic problems. Call Ferguson Family Practice in San Marcos, Texas, to receive the care you need to reduce the risk of potentially dangerous health complications associated with diabetes. Schedule your appointment with a phone call or online today.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Your body uses a hormone called insulin to convert glucose, or blood sugar, into energy. Your pancreas produces this hormone, which helps with the conversion of glucose to energy, but if you have diabetes, your body doesn’t produce enough glucose or doesn’t use it properly.

The chronic condition can be classified as Type 1 diabetes, in which your pancreas doesn’t produce any insulin at all.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune problem; a faulty immune system destroys the cells responsible for insulin production. Usually, this form is diagnosed during childhood or young adulthood.

Type 2 diabetes develops when your body fails to use insulin correctly. This is referred to as insulin resistance. 

Type 2 diabetes usually emerges in later adulthood, although it’s becoming more common in children and teens. The condition is linked to unhealthy lifestyle factors, including obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, and poor diet.

A condition known as prediabetes is diagnosed when you have high levels of glucose in your blood, but not quite high enough to be classified as diabetes. Without intervention, prediabetes can progress to Type 2 diabetes.

What symptoms suggest I have diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes’ symptoms emerge pretty quickly, often over the course of several weeks. With Type 2 diabetes, however, you may not even have noticeable symptoms in the early stages. Mild to moderate symptoms develop over time. Symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Increased thirst and hunger
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Sores that heal slowly or not at all
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Numbness in your hands and feet

If you notice these symptoms, consult Ferguson Family Practice to have your blood sugar tested. A family history of diabetes also means you should consult the office for regular screenings.

How can I manage my diabetes?

Lifestyle modifications help you manage diabetes. Following a healthy diet that contains minimal refined carbohydrates is a major step.  The team at Ferguson Family Practice will also advise you on how to add more physical activity to your day to help you use insulin more effectively. Certain medications can help moderate your blood sugar levels, too. Type 1 diabetics must take supplemental insulin via injection or an insulin pump, and the condition needs to be managed by an endocrinologist. The team at Ferguson Family Practice can assist in a referral.    You’ll also have your blood sugar levels monitored to make sure therapies are working. Consistently high blood sugar levels can lead to complications, including problems with your nervous system, eye damage, foot problems, kidney disease, and heart disease.

Call Ferguson Family Practice or make an appointment online today for expert, customized diabetes care.